Mitsubishi! > Lancer's Side Crash/Impact Test Results
According to NHTSA, a vehicle classified as 2 star in this test results in 21-25% chance of serious chest injury that could potentially be life threatening.
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) of United States Department of Transportation (US DOT) has a New Car Assessment Program (NCAP) for safety purpose. It started testing selected vehicles for side impact safety since 1997.
"For testing side impact collisions, crash-test dummies are placed in driver and (driver's side) rear passenger seats, on the side of vehicle struck, and secured with the vehicle's seat belts. This test represents an intersection-type collision with a 3,015 pound barrier moving at 38.5 mph into a standing vehicle. The barrier is covered with material that has "give" to replicate the front of a vehicle."[NHTSA]
"Since all tested vehicles are impacted by the same size barrier, it is possible to compare all vehicles with each other when looking at side crash protection ratings." [NHTSA]
The ratings and their meanings are as follows:
5 star = 5% or less chance of serious injury
4 star = 6% to 10% chance of serious injury
3 star = 11% to 20% chance of serious injury
2 star = 21% to 25% chance of serious injury
1 star = 26% or greater chance of serious injury
In 1999, about 8000 fatalities happened because of side collisions. In its "2002 Annual Assessment of Motor Vehicle Crashes" report NHTSA asserted that
Two-vehicle crashes involving a passenger car and a LTV (includes pickup truck, SUV and VAN) show that when a car was struck in the side by an LTV, the car occupants were 20.8 times as likely to be fatally injured.
20.8 times as likely to be fatally injured...(in front-collision it is 3.3 times)